Insanity Defense Gives Holmes' Prosecutors Herculean Task
It would be up to them to prove James Holmes is sane
By Evann Gastaldo, Newser Staff
Posted Aug 30, 2012 8:55 AM CDT
In this July 23, 2012 file photo, James E. Holmes appears in Arapahoe County District Court in Centennial, Colo.   (AP Photo/Denver Post, RJ Sangosti, Pool, File)

(Newser) – If James Holmes ends up pleading not guilty by reason of insanity in the Aurora theater massacre, prosecutors will be fighting an uphill battle—because in Colorado, unlike most other states, the burden of proving the defendant is sane lies with the prosecutors. In around 40 other states as well as federal court, it's up to the defense to prove its client is insane. "It's burden of proof on steroids," one former federal prosecutor tells the AP. "It's totally subjective. It's not like proving somebody pulled the trigger. That's objective."

An insanity defense basically argues that the defendant should be absolved of the crime because he couldn't tell right from wrong at the time. State psychiatrists complete a court-ordered evaluation of the defendant, and defense attorneys or prosecutors can request additional state evaluations. It's rare for a state doctor to determine a defendant in a criminal case is insane; even so, Colorado prosecutors face an additional difficulty because they can't have their own experts examine the defendant. And if Holmes is found sane and is convicted, his lawyers can still argue he is mentally ill in an effort to avoid the death penalty.

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Showing 3 of 13 comments
Bulls-Eye
Aug 30, 2012 2:58 PM CDT
It is such a shame he wasn't just killed.
Snake-Eyes
Aug 30, 2012 9:51 AM CDT
I have said from day one this will be tough to prosecute. The main obstacle might be the simple fact that no one, i repeat no one, actually saw him pull the trigger. Remember, the gunman had a mask on. it was chaotic. yes, the police found him outside etc. etc. However, no one saw him shoot anyone.
dbartst
Aug 30, 2012 9:04 AM CDT
Like the conspirators that set this up didn't already KNOW this information. [where burden of proof lies]. This is such a set up job-if for nothing else than where the hell did he get all the expensive armament when he was unemployed, living with his parents and pretty much broke. What a crock.