Snowden Reveals NSA's 'Widest Reaching System'
X-Keyscore allows analysts to search 'nearly everything a typical user does on the Internet' without warrant
By Kevin Spak, Newser User
Posted Jul 31, 2013 12:40 PM CDT
In this image provided by Human Rights Watch, NSA leaker Edward Snowden, center, attends a news conference at Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport with Sarah Harrison of WikiLeaks, July 12, 2013.   (AP Photo/Human Rights Watch, Tanya Lokshina)

(Newser) – Edward Snowden dropped maybe his biggest bombshell yet today, by pulling back the curtain on the NSA's XKeyscore system, which the agency's training documents boast can collect "nearly everything a typical user does on the Internet." That includes everything from the contents of emails and Facebook messages to web browsing and search histories, Glenn Greenwald writes in the Guardian. The training slides detail how any analyst can garner such data by filling out a simple form that isn't reviewed by any court—there are even drop-down menus from which to select a justification.

This can be done with almost any identifying information, be it email address, IP address, phone number, or even browser type. This range of options is necessary, the training documents explain, because "a large amount of time spent on the web is performing actions that are anonymous." The searches are all performed on the XKeyscore database, which hoovers up unfathomable quantities of data—some sites send more than 20 terabytes to it every day. More tidbits from the report:

  • This explains Snowden's claim that he could spy on President Obama himself if he had the right email address—the system provides analysts with the technical ability to do that.
  • Of course, it's not legal for the NSA to use this to spy on domestic American communications, but it's technically possible, and searches are almost never questioned, Snowden says. "And even when we are, it's usually along the lines of: 'let's bulk up the justification.'"
  • While most of the data in the XKeyscore database is deleted after only a few days—or in some cases as little as 24-hours—anything analysts deem "interesting" can be shifted to another database and saved for up to five years.
  • This isn't the first the public has heard of XKeyscore. Germany is reportedly using it as well.

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Showing 3 of 78 comments
Citizen7
Aug 1, 2013 9:19 PM CDT
Just read this article.
Citizen7
Aug 1, 2013 12:59 PM CDT
There is a rampant exchange of data that is improper use of privacy of US citizens who are not doing anything wrong and this should be stopped. It is too broad and too all encompassing.
AndreaT
Aug 1, 2013 12:19 PM CDT
I agree with K Krank's opinion on this story. To think the government is interested in monitoring the websites I go to (Betty Crocker's summer recipes, free crochet patterns, online Scrabble and others of similar genre) is ludicrous. I am not that important... However, if I frequent known terrorist websites, or sites detailing how to make a bomb enough times I might come up on someone's radar and be "watched". I am an average American who knows enough that hysteria and paranoia abound in this atmosphere of partisan bickering and fighting between both parties. Good grief, I am glad Presidents of BOTH parties "spied" on persons dangerous to our country. Perhaps someone should step forward and "whistle blow" for the fearful American public how many disasters and threats have been avoided because this "spying" has been going on in every administration . I fear most people who act in a paranoid manner to the NSA's spying don't have a grasp of American History or knowledge of Government Administration 101 ... it's necessary for our security. So, I will gladly continue to troll my recipe websites and write emails to friends unconcerned about being spied upon. I have nothing to hide and no one wants to see what I'm doing anyway... least of all the Government.