NSA Able to Decode Most Calls, Texts Worldwide
Washington Post unveils latest Snowden material
By Matt Cantor, Newser User
Posted Dec 14, 2013 2:15 PM CST
In this Dec. 11, 2013 file photo, National Security Agency (NSA) Director Gen. Keith Alexander testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington.   (AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta)

(Newser) – The NSA is capable of breaking the encryption used on most phone calls and text messages worldwide, the latest Edward Snowden leak shows, though it's not certain how often the agency actually does it. Under US law, the NSA can't eavesdrop on citizens' conversations without a court order. But "if the NSA knows how to do this, presumably other intelligence agencies, which may be more hostile to the United States, have discovered how to do this, too," an expert tells the Washington Post. Central to the issue is the fact that most telecommunications companies use encryption technology known as A5/1, despite experts' advice that it's easy to hack.

A5/1 is used extensively in 2G GSM networks, which most of the world uses. Though 3G and 4G networks have taken off in the US, a lot of phones stick with 2G when it comes to calls. In fact, 80% of the planet's phones have weak encryption, or none at all, a Berlin-based security expert tells the Post. The NSA doesn't need an encryption key to get past A5/1, which, a Berkely computer scientist notes, "was designed 30 years ago, and you wouldn’t expect a 30-year-old car to have the latest safety mechanisms." NBC News' take: "If you're vulnerable, blame your carrier":

  • Verizon and Sprint use an even older system, CDMA; the Post isn't sure whether the NSA can easily break it.
  • AT&T customers may use 2G in particularly busy or remote areas. The firm says it's boosting encryption on sections of its network.
  • T-Mobile hasn't said whether it's using tougher A5/3 encryption, but the company says it's "continuously implementing advanced security technologies in accordance with worldwide recognized and trusted standards."

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Showing 3 of 18 comments
Winston_Smith
Dec 15, 2013 1:23 PM CST
Well, yes, tracking and breaking into foreign phone calls and other electronic communications is what they're supposed to do--it's their mandate, it's why they exist. At some times in their history they've been more successful than others. What's different this time is that, thanks to Snowden, we have near-real-time knowledge about how sucessful they are.
jgmann
Dec 15, 2013 10:06 AM CST
The NSA must die laughing from these: http://textsfrombennett.tumblr.com/
rounder355
Dec 15, 2013 8:14 AM CST
I'm sure they are listening to your wives talking to their mama's about what they're cooking for supper. Get over yourselves people; nobody cares what 99.99% of you are doing (or are saying in the comment section for that matter).