Baby 'Cured' of HIV Now Has HIV
It emerges again in Mississippi girl, now 4
By John Johnson, Newser Staff
Posted Jul 10, 2014 3:46 PM CDT

(Newser) – For more than two years, it seemed too good to be true. And now it turns out that a Mississippi baby thought to have been cured of HIV wasn't cured after all, reports NBC News. The girl, now 4, tested positive last week and is back on antiretroviral drugs. The case made international headlines last year: After the baby was born to a mother with HIV, doctors put her on aggressive drug treatment just 30 hours after birth. The mother, however, stopped giving her daughter the drugs at 18 months. The baby missed several months of treatment, and when doctors finally saw her again, they were stunned to discover that she had barely detectable levels of HIV. In effect, she was "functionally cured," recounts CNN. That remained the case until last week.

“It felt very much like a punch to the gut,” says Dr. Hannah B. Gay, who treats the girl. “It was disappointing from the scientific standpoint because we had been hopeful it would lead to bigger and better things, but mainly for the sake of the child who is back on medicine and expected to remain on medicine for a very long time.” HIV hides in reservoirs of the body, and antiretroviral drugs keep it in check there, explains the Boston Globe. Its reemergence in this case shows that doctors have much to learn about those reservoirs, says Anthony Fauci, chief of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. It's not all bad news, though: The girl got to be a toddler without having to take a daily cocktail of drugs, and her case holds out hope of improving on the treatment. (Doctors are keeping an eye on another "functionally cured" baby in California.)

More From Newser
My Take on This Story
To report an error on this story,
notify our editors.
Baby 'Cured' of HIV Now Has HIV is...
Show results without voting
You Might Like
Showing 3 of 154 comments
Jul 21, 2014 8:57 PM CDT
Maybe the mother stopped giving her the drugs has something to do with her having HIV again. I am not a doctor but if this child needed to be on drugs maybe the mother shouldn't have taken her off the drugs!
Stephen Land
Jul 15, 2014 1:16 AM CDT
"they were stunned to discover that she had barely detectable levels of HIV" Barely detectable means detectable. Is that so hard to understand?
Jul 11, 2014 4:27 PM CDT
Hey, Killary! Why are you upvoting comments that are talking about how stupidly and childishly you are behaving? Pathetic!