Nobelist Peacemaker Kim Dae-Jung Dies at 85
By Newser Editors and Wire Services
Posted Aug 18, 2009 5:27 AM CDT
Kim Dae-jung and Kim Jong-il during a 2000 summit in Pyongyang, North Korea. Kim Dae-jung, who won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts at reconciliation with North Korea, died today at 85.   ((AP Photo/Yonhap, POOL, FILE))
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(Newser) – Kim Dae-jung, the former South Korean president who won the Nobel Peace Prize for his reconciliation efforts with the North, died today at age 85. He had been hospitalized with pneumonia since last month. As a pro-democracy opposition lawmaker, Kim built a reputation as a passionate champion of human rights and democracy, and he survived several suspected assassination attempts, including a dramatic 1973 abduction at a Tokyo hotel.

As president from 1998-2003, Kim was architect of the "Sunshine Policy" of reaching out to North Korea as a way to encourage reconciliation. His efforts led to an unprecedented thaw in relations with the North and culminated in a historic North-South summit—the first on the divided peninsula—and a jubilant meeting in Pyongyang with leader Kim Jong-Il in 2000.