Its code name was "Little Boy," but its impact was anything but small. Thursday marks the 75th anniversary of the dropping of an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945. By the end of that year, 140,000 deaths—mostly of civilians—were tied to the blast and radiation-related injuries and illnesses. Media all around the world are marking the occasion with looks at the event from a variety of angles. Among the best reads:
- For a refresher on the world's first nuclear attack, read this Q&A from the AP, which answers questions ranging from why Hiroshima was selected as the target (it was a military hub complete with factories and ammunition facilities) to the impact of the radiation on those who survived. One standout detail: The US chose not to fire bomb the city prior to the attack so it could better assess the bomb's impact.
- The "morality and legality of those nuclear attacks was hardly the subject of public debate" when the bomb was dropped, reports NPR, which takes a look at the debate that dogs the mission today. Specifically, should it be considered a war crime? Under the current laws of war, absolutely, say experts, but in 1945, perhaps not. They explain why, and point out that those factories and military bases the US cited as the reason for selecting Hiroshima were located "quite far" from where the bomb was dropped. This article from the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists digs even deeper into the question.