Clues Suggest How Grand Canyon Formed

New data explains rising of huge Colorado Plateau

By Matt Cantor,  Newser Staff

Posted Apr 30, 2011 3:02 PM CDT

(Newser) – We know the Grand Canyon was formed when the vast Colorado plateau rose from the ground, then eroded. But scientists have long been stumped as to why the 130,000-square-mile region pushed more than a mile upward. Now, a team of researchers may have found the answer, and it lies in a strangely cold layer underneath the canyon. That “anomaly” in the lithosphere—a layer that includes the earth’s crust and upper mantle—may have been caused by molten matter rising from below, OurAmazingPlanet reports.

Cooling, that material weighed down the upper mantle, causing peeling and what scientists call a “mantle drip.” That, in turn, opened space for the hotter lower layer, called the asthenosphere, to fill. The expansion of the material from the asthenosphere finally pushed the plateau upward, the scientists suggest. The new data also points to the Grand Canyon’s age, lending weight to a theory “that it formed in the last 6 million or 7 million years,” a researcher says.

Geologists gain an insight into the canyon's formation.
Geologists gain an insight into the canyon's formation.   (Shutterstock)
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