India's economy is growing so fast it has outstripped its electrical capacity, leaving burgeoning businesses, industries and homes to generate their own power with soot-belching diesel-powered generators for hours every day. Half of India's populace has no connection to the grid at all, and new construction often goes up without any plan for supplying electricity.
The Indian government estimates demand outstrips supply by 20%, but that's conservative, the New York Times reports. Coal is the main source of power, and even planned increases in the amount and nuclear and alternative energy production only bring them up to 9% and 8%, respectively, of the country's total production. "We're living in the Dark Ages," complained one citizen.