In the lawless Northwest Frontier Province, the Pakistani army has been fighting the Taliban for 3 months for control of just a sliver of land. State forces had expected the battle to be a cursory victory, but the Taliban is stronger and more deeply entrenched—literally, in a network of tunnels that allows them to store arms and move undetected—than commanders expected. The New York Times reports from the mountainous region, where Pakistan has resorted to scorched-earth policies to rout the Islamic militants.
Pakistan's soldiers are trained to fight a conventional war with India, its perennial foe, but have no experience with the tactics of a counterinsurgency. In the town of Loe Sam, the army leveled the homes of 7,000 people and sent 200,000 fleeing to refugee camps—and still visitors must dodge sniper fire from the Taliban, who replenish their numbers with more men from Afghanistan. "You keep killing them," said one colonel, "but you still have them around."