Damage to heart muscle can be stopped and maybe even reversed, but for now only in mice, the BBC reports. Blocking the activity of a specific type of genetic material that regulates gene expression, scientists found, avoided a type of cardiac scarring that leads to heart disease. "Heart function and tissue damage improved," a lead researcher told Reuters.
Researchers isolated a material known as microRNA-21, which was more common in failing hearts than in healthy ones. The results raised hopes that a possible treatment for humans may not be far off. The next step is testing in other animals, a process that has already begun. "This is one of the hottest topics in biology at the moment," said a researcher who called the study's results "exciting."