Chicago-based General Growth Properties, the second-largest US shopping mall owner, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy today after attempts to refinance more than $27 billion in debt failed, Bloomberg reports. The owner of more than 200 shopping malls owes a unit of Germany’s Commerzbank $2.6 billion, while bondholders are on the hook for $4 billion. Much of the debt stems from the purchase of developer Rouse Co. in 2004.
General Growth lost 81% of its market value in just 6 months as credit markets collapsed and refinancing debt became impossible. In November, Standard and Poor’s de-listed the company from the S&P 500 index after shares, which had been as high as $67 in March 2007, plunged and market value sunk to $128 million, lowest on the list. Shares closed at $1.05 yesterday.