How Colonialism Helped Start the HIV Epidemic
Researchers pinpoint historical ground zero for the virus
By Kevin Spak, Newser User
Posted Feb 28, 2012 3:21 PM CST
A European doctor gives an African boy a lumbar puncture against sleeping sickness as French Governor Bomecarrere looks on near Yaounde, Cameroon, in this 1933 file photo.   (Getty Images)

(Newser) – The origins of HIV are something of a historical puzzle, but recent discoveries make that puzzle a lot easier to solve—and it looks a lot like European colonialism is a big piece of it. That's the thesis of a new book by Craig Timberg and Daniel Halperin called Tinderbox. In an excerpt in the Washington Post, the authors explain how scientists examined chimp feces across Cameroon to determine that HIV first sprang up earlier than previously believed—at the turn of the 20th century—in a remote Cameroon jungle.

Few human settlements ever graced the region; it was only when Europeans sent hordes of African porters through the region and set up trading posts that the virus had the chance to spread. HIV is hard to transmit; to grow it needed a place bustling with people on a scale not seen in Africa before colonialism. It found it in Kinshasa, a city founded by Belgian colonizers down the river from its probable birthplace. Every strand of HIV scientists have tracked eventually points to an explosion of the virus in Kinshasa—what the authors call the "big bang of the AIDS epidemic."

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Showing 3 of 20 comments
shaboom
Feb 29, 2012 7:57 PM CST
I'm pretty sure it came from one of my mother's atrocious, burnt meals.
tangeri
Feb 28, 2012 8:55 PM CST
There's people on the street getting diseases from monkeys Yeah, that's what I said, they're getting diseases from monkeys Now there's junkies with monkey disease Who's touching these monkeys, please Leave these poor sick monkeys alone They've got problems enough as it is. -Flight of the Conchords
getoffmylawn
Feb 28, 2012 6:54 PM CST
Ok, so it started in Cameroon over a century ago. It wasnt discovered until the early 1980s. And the real issue should be why so many millions of people in Africa (and elsewhere) are still contracting it despite the fact that it is easily preventable. (Well, we know why Catholic countries still have it, they forbid condoms) We cant blame this on colonialism. This is willful ignorance.