Study: Hobbits Weren't Humans
Evidence rejects theory on Homo floresiensis
By Matt Cantor, Newser User
Posted Jul 16, 2013 7:45 AM CDT
Martin Freeman as Bilbo Baggins in a scene from "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey."   (AP Photo/Warner Bros., James Fisher)

(Newser) – In 2003, researchers discovered fossils on an Indonesian island that looked a lot like little humans—earning them the nickname "hobbits." But the classification of the three-foot-tall Homo floresiensis has sparked debate among experts: Were they really a distinct species, or perhaps just modern-day humans with a growth disorder? New evidence points to the former argument, the New York Times reports.

Researchers conducted a detailed investigation of the only known hobbit skull in existence, comparing it to a range of other skulls, among them Homo erectus, Neanderthal, and modern human—including those with growth disorders like microcephaly, Laron syndrome, and endemic hypothyroidism. They found that the skull looked more like those of the ancient species than those of Homo sapiens. "Our study provides further support for recognizing the Flores hominins as a distinct species, H. floresiensis, whose affinities lie with archaic Homo," write the researchers in PLoS ONE. (In other fascinating science news, astronomers have found a blue planet.)

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Jul 27, 2013 10:37 PM CDT
"They are not Gay, they are Hobbits." Randal from, "Clerks II."
Jul 16, 2013 5:36 PM CDT
3 percent of people found this story scary. How terrified of life do you have to be to find a long-extinct species of little people scary?
Jul 16, 2013 11:12 AM CDT
Middle earth can now breath a sigh of relief. Most of us knew this, because otherwise congress would turn into a bunch of nasty Gollums.