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FDA: Data Manipulated Before Approval of $2.1M Drug

Novartis could face civil, criminal penalties
By Newser Editors and Wire Services
Posted Aug 7, 2019 2:38 AM CDT
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This photo provided by Novartis shows their gene therapy medicine Zolgensma.   (Novartis via AP)
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(Newser) – US regulators want to know why Novartis didn't disclose a problem with testing data until after the Swiss drugmaker's $2.1 million gene therapy was approved. The Food and Drug Administration said Tuesday the manipulated data involved testing in animals, not patients, and it's confident that the drug, called Zolgensma, should remain on the market, the AP reports. The agency said it's investigating and will consider criminal or civil penalties if appropriate. Zolgensma was approved in May for children under 2, becoming the most expensive treatment ever. It's a one-time treatment for a rare inherited condition, spinal muscular atrophy, which destroys a baby's muscle control.

The FDA said in a statement that AveXis Inc., the Novartis AG subsidiary that manufactures Zolgensma, told the agency five weeks after the approval about a "data manipulation issue" that resulted in inaccurate information about testing in animals. The agency said the company knew about the problem before the FDA approved Zolgensma. The inaccurate data is a small subset of the testing information that the FDA evaluated. Acting FDA Commissioner Ned Sharpless tweeted that "the agency will use its full authorities to take action." In a statement Tuesday evening, Novartis said that after AveXis learned of alleged data manipulation in one animal testing procedure, the company immediately began investigating. Once it had "interim conclusions," it shared them with the FDA. Novartis didn't say why it didn't notify the FDA before it approved Zolgensma.

(Read more Novartis stories.)

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