Record-Setting Underwater Cave System Is So, So Long

It took years, but divers finally connect Mexico's Sac Actun, Dos Ojos systems
By Michael Harthorne,  Newser Staff
Posted Jan 17, 2018 6:59 PM CST
World's Longest Underwater Cave System Discovered
Divers use lights to illuminate an underwater cave in the Sac Actun system of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula in 2013.   (AP Photo/Roberto Chavez Arce via Science)

For Robert Schmittner, it was a long time coming. "I didn't rest for 14 years," the diver tells Mexico News Daily. Schmittner is the director of exploration for the Great Maya Aquifer Project, which on Jan. 10 discovered the longest underwater cave on Earth. Divers for the project made the discovery by confirming something that—as per the Telegraph—had been long suspected: the 163-mile-long Sac Actun system and 83-mile-long Dos Ojos system of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula are actually connected. Sac Actun's underwater cave system now absorbs Dos Ojos, becoming the record-setting, 216-mile-long Sac Actun system, Reuters reports. According to National Geographic, it's now 49 miles longer than the previous record holder and could get even bigger as divers continue to seek connections to other flooded cave systems in the area.

"This immense cave represents the most important submerged archaeological site in the world, since it has more than a hundred archaeological contexts," the project's director, Guillermo de Anda, says. Those contexts include extinct animals and possibly signs of the first American settlers, but also new information about the ancient Maya civilization. “It allows us to appreciate much more clearly how the rituals, the pilgrimage sites, and ultimately the great pre-Hispanic settlements that we know emerged,” de Anda tells Reuters. Sinkholes leading to underground caves had religious significance to the Maya, and de Anda's project has found ancient walls, staircases, and paintings in some of the caves that aren't completely flooded. (A skeleton found in an underwater cave is one of the oldest in the Americas, so it's too bad thieves stole it.)

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