The Beatrice Six are a unique case in the history of American crime, and the Supreme Court's Monday decision related to their case has left Nebraska's Gage County in a unique situation. The six went to prison for raping and killing Helen Wilson in the town of Beatrice in 1985 despite not matching blood and semen found at the scene; in the course of the investigation, most of them developed false memories of committing the crime at the prodding of police. All but one, Joseph White, took a plea. But a judge in 2009 found they were innocent "beyond all doubt." Here's what happened next:
- In 2016, the county was ordered to pay White's estate, Kathy Gonzales, Thomas Winslow, James Dean, Debra Shelden, and Ada JoAnn Taylor $28.1 million. The Supreme Court let that verdict stand, in what was the last legal option for the county—whose annual budget is less than a third of that amount, reports the Washington Post. More:
- The group together spent 75 years in prison before the truth emerged in 2008. As part of White's appeals, DNA testing was ordered that year and found just one match—of a man who wasn't part of the Beatrice Six. That man was Bruce Allen Smith, who had once lived in Beatrice, was in town that night, and died in prison in 1992. White, Winslow, and Taylor were still incarcerated and were ordered released. They then filed a civil rights lawsuit against the county and won.
- The county took the case to the Supreme Court in November, reports the Lincoln Journal Star. The federal jury had in 2009 determined the sheriff's deputy and reserve sheriff's deputy at the time had violated the group's rights. Their argument was that law enforcement should have been judged on the facts known at the time of the crime, not decades later.