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There Was Once a Penguin the Size of an Adult Human

The 'monster penguin' was about a foot taller than an emperor penguin, lived in New Zealand
By Newser Editors and Wire Services
Posted Aug 14, 2019 4:29 PM CDT
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The fossil, a tibiotarsus, bottom, is displayed next to a similar bone for an Emperor Penguin in Christchurch, New Zealand, Wednesday, Aug. 14, 2019.   (AP Photo/Mark Baker)
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(Newser) – Scientists in New Zealand said Wednesday they've found fossilized bones from an extinct monster penguin that was about the size of an adult human and swam the oceans some 60 million years ago. They said the previously undiscovered species is believed to have stood about 5 feet 2 inches tall and weighed up to 176 pounds, the AP reports. It's believed to have been one of several species of giant penguins that thrived soon after dinosaurs died out. The findings were published this week in Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology. Paul Scofield, a co-author of the paper and senior curator at the Canterbury Museum, said the discovery is significant because the species is similar to another giant penguin found in Antarctica in 2000 and helps show a connection between the two regions during the Paleocene Epoch.

He said that following the extinction of dinosaurs, marine reptiles and gigantic fish, it seemed there was an evolutionary opportunity for penguins to thrive and grow in size. "The oceans were ripe for the picking with the lack of mega predators," Scofield said. "It looks like what was going on was that penguins were just starting to exploit that niche." But he said the giant penguins themselves became extinct within 30 million years as large marine mammals began ruling the waters. The monster penguins, named Crossvallia waiparensis, would have been about twice the weight and 1 foot taller than the largest type of penguins alive today, emperor penguins. New Zealand is believed to have been the site of many gigantic birds that later became extinct, including the world's largest parrot, a giant eagle, and an emu-like bird called the moa. Scientists say the lack of predators allowed such birds to thrive. (The monster penguin's bones were found by an amateur fossil collector.)


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